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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Livelihood strategies compared: private initiatives and collective efforts of Wolof women in Senegal
Authors:Venema, BernhardISNI
Eijk, Jelka van
Year:2004
Periodical:African Studies
Volume:63
Issue:1
Period:July
Pages:51-71
Language:English
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:Wolof
livelihoods
women
women's organizations
Women's Issues
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
Family Life
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/0002018042000226157
Abstract:This article compares two pathways that rural Wolof women in Senegal employ in the face of deteriorating living conditions caused by decreasing farming opportunities, namely, collective income-earning projects initiated by development agencies and individual trading activities. Research was carried out in the village of Medina Sabakh in the Kaolack region in 1996-1998 and 2001-2002. The article looks at the role of women's groups with special attention paid to opportunities for mutual assistance, income-earning opportunities and whether these groups constitute political capital; examines the relative contribution of private trading activities as a livelihood strategy, and looks at the role of credit in these livelihood strategies. The paper concludes that many women are members of a women's group as well as active in local trade. Trading, however, is more important for these women than being a member of a women's group. Bibliogr., notes. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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