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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Deforestation in Ethiopia: With Particular Reference to the Environs of Addis Ababa
Author:Belachew, Mekete
Year:1999
Periodical:Journal of Ethiopian Studies
Volume:32
Issue:1
Period:June
Pages:89-131
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs., maps
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:deforestation
Urbanization and Migration
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Environment, Ecology
fuelwood
agriculture
urbanization
population
Environmental effects
Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/41966088
Abstract:The highlands of Ethiopia were originally covered with high forests while the arid lowlands were covered with meagre vegetation. But the original dense forest has been subjected to grave and continuous deforestation for a long time. The causes are numerous and complex. The fundamental causes include economic underdevelopment and rapid population increase. This results in conversion of forest land into agricultural land, the consumption of wood for construction, firewood and industrial purposes. Policy-oriented causes are related to rehabilitation or resettlement programmes, land tenure policy and lack of a forest policy, and the sociopolitical changes which have had grave consequences for deforestation. The problem of deforestation is more pronounced in the environs of Addis Ababa, whose growing population is largely dependent on the nearby forests for fuelwood and construction materials. Bibliogr. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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