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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Western Sahara: Road to Perdition?
Author:San Martin, Pablo
Periodical:African affairs: the journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Western Sahara
Subjects:national liberation movements
foreign policy
Politics and Government
Abstract:At the time of writing (July 2004), hopes for a peaceful solution to the enduring conflict of the Western Sahara were evaporating. The war against Morocco lasted until 1991, when the UN brokered a peace agreement, known as the Settlement Plan, based on previous negotiations initiated by the OAU. Thirteen years later, the peace process seems to have stagnated. The territory continues to be divided into two parts separated by 2,000 kilometres of defensive walls, constructed by Morocco during the 1980s. Rabat controls the western part (80 percent of the territory), while the rest is administered by the Polisario Front. The article explains the background to the situation in Western Sahara and outlines the major developments in the conflict in recent years, including the Baker Plan of 2001 and the Baker Plan II of 2003, which have been continuously sabotaged by Morocco. The article discusses the role of Spain and the impact of the resignation of James Baker on the survival of the Peace Plan. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]