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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Kaabu and its Neighbors: A Historical and Territorial Interpretation of Conflicts
Author:Lopes, Carlos
Periodical:Mande Studies
Geographic terms:Senegal
Subjects:ethnic relations
Kaabu polity
traditional polities
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/44078826
Abstract:This paper provides an interpretation of the spatial relationships, as opposed to the specifically temporal relationships, of the sphere of influence of Kaabú. This name was given, at the end of the 16th century, to the region comprising the extreme western coast of the African continent (present-day Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau and Guinea). Kaabú deserves to be considered the true inheritor of the military tradition of the empire of Mali and remained a high point in the political organization of the Mande. Three major influences affected the life and evolution of Kaabú: Mali, of which Kaabú started out as a vassal State; the coast, with the presence of Europeans from the 15th century on; and the Peul and the Fula. The paper concludes that the history of Kaabú is basically a story of conflicts, which have produced processes of assimilation but also differentiation. The Kaabunke sphere of influence is geographically different depending on whether the manifold relationships are determined in political, economic, cultural, linguistic or religious terms. These influences also vary over time, making it impossible to identify exactly the geography of those 'spaces' in a continuous manner. It appears to be a phenomenon that reinforces the idea of ongoing negotiations over identity, a process in whose logic mixing systematically prevails. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]