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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Alternative Schooling for South Africans: Notes on the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College in Tanzania, 1978-1992
Author:Maaba, Brown B.
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic terms:Tanzania
South Africa
Subjects:African National Congress (South Africa)
educational management
History and Exploration
Education and Oral Traditions
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4129010
Abstract:South African education was dramatically affected by the 1954 introduction of Bantu Education, a set of apartheid policies aimed at confining blacks to ethnically organized, predominantly nontechnical and nonscientific schooling. Under those circumstances, the ANC recognized the growing need to establish an alternative form of education where free and critical thinking would be emphasized. With the outbreak of the Soweto uprising in 1976, the then-exiled ANC received scores of young people who had fled South Africa and put in place an alternative school aimed at counteracting Bantu Education. Thus came about the 1978 birth of Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (Somafco) in Tanzania, which became the ANC school for exiled youth and for the children of exiled activists at Mazimbu, near Morogoro. At the time of its closing in 1992, 'Mazimbu' had grown to include a preprimary and primary school, a secondary school, a farm, a furniture factory, and other divisions that helped support the school. After an overview of the school's establishment, four aspects are examined: the Tanzanian context, the curriculum (including its problems), attempts to combat ethnic tensions, and student politics. Ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]