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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Freedom and Unfreedom in Rural Development: Julius Nyerere, Ujaama Vijijini, and Villagization
Author:Schneider, L.
Periodical:Canadian Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:rural development
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
About person:Julius Kambarage Nyerere (1922-1999)ISNI
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4107304
Abstract:In several recent reflections on the legacy of Tanzania's late President Julius Nyerere, his role in promoting rural development through what started out as the policy of 'ujamaa vijijini' (conventionally translated as 'rural socialism' ), but rapidly became a compulsory campaign to 'villagize' rural Tanzania, has received scant attention. In providing an overview of 'ujamaa'/villagization and Nyerere's role in it, this article brings out a critical paradox of Nyerere's politics. It reveals that the President was central in driving rural development into increasingly coercive directions, which, at other times, he so forcefully spoke out against. An early villagization campaign in Rufiji, 1968-1969, illustrates the argument. The article suggests that the Tanzanian story shows a rarely acknowledged tension at the heart of 'participatory development': a tension between the claims of democratic (participatory) ideals and the claims of the developmental authority that is vested in State officials, 'experts' and outside agents. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French. [ASC Leiden abstract]