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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Peace Parks in Southern Africa: Bringers of an African Renaissance?
Authors:Amerom, Marloes vanISNI
Büscher, BramISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic terms:Mozambique
South Africa
Subjects:national parks and reserves
regional economic relations
Inter-African Relations
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3876203
Abstract:The pursuit of an African Renaissance has become an important aspect of regional cooperation between South Africa and its neighbours. Transfrontier conservation areas, or 'Peace Parks' as they are popularly called, have been identified as key instruments to promote the African Renaissance dream, and are increasingly advocated and justified on this basis. By fostering joint conservation (and tourism) development in Southern Africa's marginalized border regions, Peace Parks are claimed to further international peace, regional cooperation and poverty reduction. This article critically explores this assumption. Using the joint South African-Mozambican-Zimbabwean Great Limpopo Park as a case study, it argues that in reality the creation of Peace Parks hardly stimulates and possibly even undermines the realization of the African Renaissance ideals of regional cooperation, emancipation, cultural reaffirmation, sustainable economic development and democratization. So far, their achievement has been severely hindered by domination of national interests, insufficient community consultation, and sensitive border issues such as the illegal flows of goods and migrants between South Africa and neighbouring countries. Furthermore, exacerbation of inter-State differences induced by power imbalances in the region, and harmonization of land use and legal systems across boundaries, are increasingly becoming sources of conflict and controversy. Some of these problems are so severe that they might eventually even undermine support for African Renaissance as a whole. Utmost care is thus required to optimally use the chances that Peace Parks do offer in furthering an African Renaissance. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]