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Book chapter Book chapter Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Moving people: pathways of Fulbe pastoralists in the Hayre-Seeno area, Central Mali
Authors:Bruijn, Mirjam deISNI
Dijk, Han vanISNI
Book title:Sahelian pathways: climate and society in Central and South Mali
Geographic term:Mali
animal husbandry
Abstract:The authors analyse the interactions between the environment, local actors and their habitus, and the resulting pathways of these local actors in the semiarid Hayre-Seeno area in Central Mali. High environmental stress and the variability of climatic conditions in this area result in changes in production. The authors first sketch the way in which the Fulbe inhabitants of the Hayre-Seeno have managed these changes in their production environment. They present a general view on shared perceptions of the variable environmental conditions. Attention is paid to land use strategies; rules for access to natural resources; local political relations; social security and access to social resources; relations with the Malian government and the role of development projects and NGOs; outside influences; and the influence of religion. Next, individual strategies and livelihood patterns, described as pathways, are considered. Although it seems that there are as many pathways as there are people, specific decisionmaking patterns and resulting pathways can be discerned, viz. increasing mobility (migration, adapting routes followed by cattle, searching for new alliances between herders and cultivators, and the expansion of fields); changing social networks; changing agricultural technology; developing alternative sources of income; seeking security in religious activities. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]