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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Parental Survival, Living Arrangements and School Enrollment of Children in Malawi in the Era of HIV/AIDS
Author:Doctor, Henry V.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Malawi
Central Africa
educational policy
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Education and Oral Traditions
Health and Nutrition
Medicine, Nutrition, Public Health
AIDS (Disease)
HIV infections
living conditions
Survival strategies
School attendance
Abstract:Using the 1998 Malawi census data, this paper examines the level of orphanhood, the pattern of living arrangements and the effect of poverty on the school enrolment of children in Malawi during a period when adult HIV/AIDS prevalence had reached epidemic proportions. Results show that the proportion of orphans increases with age. By the age of 14, more than two percent of children have lost both parents, about 11 percent have lost a father and about 6.5 percent have lost a mother. The rural areas are home to the majority of the orphans and the southern region has a higher proportion of orphans than the northern and central regions. Girls and boys seem to be faced by the same constraints in household circumstances and educational opportunities, suggesting that there is no gender bias in allocating household resources or providing educational opportunities in Malawi. The differences in enrolment rates between orphans and non-orphans are insignificant. These findings are consistent with results from other countries that are hit hard by the AIDS epidemic and point to the critical role of the extended family system in taking care of the disadvantaged and vulnerable children. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]