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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Islam and Hausa Culture
Author:Adeleke, Ademola
Periodical:Lagos Historical Review
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Northern Nigeria
ethnic groups
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
History and Exploration
Abstract:Although Islam is not indigenous to Hausaland (Nigeria), it has, along with the Hausa language, become the most distinguishing feature of Hausa culture. This paper examines the historical processes that led to the Islamization of Hausa culture. Islam percolated gradually into Hausaland from the 14th century onward. The fact that it offered distinctive political and diplomatic advantages made it attractive to the Hausa ruling elite. For centuries, however, it had little or no impact on the cultural practices of the mass of the Hausa people. Hausa culture retained its traditional elements while Islam was restricted to the Muslim communities scattered throughout the region. Islam gained total ascendency in the 19th century when Uthman dan Fodio's successful jihad led to the incorporation of all of Hausaland into the Sokoto Caliphate. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]