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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Perception of Risk of HIV Infection in Marital and Cohabiting Partnerships
Author:Maharaj, PranithaISNI
Periodical:African Journal of AIDS Research
Geographic term:South Africa
Cultural Roles
Marital Relations and Nuptiality
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.2989/16085900409490327
Abstract:The purpose of this paper is to understand how married and cohabiting men and women define risk and to identify the factors that influence risk perceptions in a setting with a high prevalence of HIV infection. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used during a cross-sectional survey conducted in 1999-2000 among 248 men and 289 women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Forty in-depth interviews were conducted with sexually active men and women. The majority of men and women perceived themselves at risk of HIV infection. Women were more likely than men to report a higher risk of HIV infection. The qualitative and quantitative data show that perception of risk of HIV infection was influenced both by a person's own sexual behaviour and a partner's sexual behaviour. Men were significantly more likely to perceive themselves at risk because of their own risky sexual behaviour. In general, few women reported engaging in risky sexual behaviour. However, women were more likely to report that their partners had other sexual partners. Thus, women were significantly more likely to perceive themselves at risk because of their partner's sexual behaviour. Also, rural women were significantly more likely than urban women to perceive a high risk of HIV infection. Prevention programmes have an important role to play in creating awareness of the risk of HIV, especially among men. Bibliogr., note, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]