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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Prelude to the 1979 Lancaster House Constitutional Conference on Rhodesia: the role of international economic sanctions reconsidered
Author:Mlambo, Alois S.ISNI
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:economic sanctions
Unilateral Declaration of Independence
Abstract:This article reexamines the role of international economic sanctions in helping to resolve the Rhodesian political impasse. This situation was the result of the white minority Rhodesian government's unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) from Britain in November 1965. The Rhodesian case is studied in the light of the debate on the efficacy or ineffectiveness of sanctions as a weapon of international diplomacy. The article argues that, while sanctions were neither the only nor the most important factor in bringing the Rhodesian government to a negotiated political settlement at Lancaster House in 1979, they were, nevertheless, a significant factor that worked, in tandem with other factors such as the escalating guerrilla insurgency and mounting international pressure. As a result of this combination of factors, the Rhodesian crisis was brought to an end and Zimbabwe's independence was ushered in in 1980. Notes, ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans [Journal abstract]