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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Genocidal Violence in the Making of Nation and State in Ethiopia
Author:Bulcha, Mekuria
Periodical:African Sociological Review (ISSN 1027-4332)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
political history
social history
nation building
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Ethnic and Race Relations
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Ethiopia--Politics and government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/afrisocirevi.9.2.1
Abstract:Based on a qualitative historical-sociological investigation of the incidents of mass killings that have been registered during the last 150 years, this study concludes that both the Abyssinian State between the 1850s and 1870s and the creation of the Ethiopian Empire State during the last quarter of the 19th century were accomplished through wars that were clearly genocidal, while the Dergue's reign of terror (1974-1991) was the most barbaric episode in Ethiopia's history. The study assesses the intent and magnitude of the mass killings, identifying the key factors precipitating State-sponsored mass violence and genocidal killings not only for the society whose members were the victims but also for the perpetrators' society or Ethiopia as a whole. The genocidal violence perpetrated by Tewodros and Yohannes was designed to settle religious and ethnic differences and create a homogeneous Abyssinian nation and State. Their successor, Menelik, used genocide to subjugate, control and exploit the peoples he had conquered. During the reign of the Dergue, which used brute force in an attempt to construct a new social order, the victims of State-sponsored violence were not only the non-Abyssinian subject populations but also those who belonged to the dominant group. Finally, the study suggests that there are several warning signs showing that genocide is in the making today. [ASC Leiden abstract]