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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Can Policy Intervention Beat the Resource Curse? Evidence from the Chad-Cameroon Pipeline Project
Author:Pegg, ScottISNI
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic terms:Cameroon
Subjects:petroleum extraction
World Bank
poverty reduction
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Inter-African Relations
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3518786
Abstract:Countries that are heavily dependent on natural resource exports have performed poorly on various measures of economic, social, and political development - a phenomenon usually described as 'the resource curse'. In spite of this, many Western policymakers believe that natural resources will ultimately provide Africa's road to development. The World Bank argues that the resource curse is not inevitable and that good governance and sound economic policies are intervening variables that can mitigate its ill effects. This article critically evaluates the Chad-Cameroon pipeline project in order to assess whether or not policy interventions can ameliorate the resource curse. The largest single private sector investment in sub-Saharan Africa, the Chad-Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project, has also featured unprecedented World Bank policy interventions designed to address the complex environmental, social, and budgetary implications of large-scale oil production. The pipeline project is the World Bank's most significant attempt yet to modify the intervening variable of government policy and transform the equation from one of resource extraction plus bad governance equals poverty exacerbation to one of resource extraction plus good governance equals poverty reduction. This article finds that these policy interventions are not working well and that the Chad-Cameroon pipeline project is unlikely to lead to poverty alleviation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]