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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Market-Oriented Reforms and Changes in Urban Household Income: A Study in Selected Small Towns of Ethiopia
Author:Mulugeta, SolomonISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills.
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:household income
urban households
Economics and Trade
Urbanization and Migration
Economics, Commerce
Household surveys
economic conditions
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/eastern_africa_social_science_research_review/v022/22.2mulugeta.pdf
Abstract:Ethiopia's economy, which was ailing severely during the 17 years of heavy-handed rule by a Marxist junta, recovered considerably following the introduction of market-oriented reforms during the early 1990s. This study assesses the extent to which the market-oriented reforms influenced the livelihoods of the average household in the smaller towns of Ethiopia, with a special emphasis on the changes that took place in monthly household income. The primary data used in the study was collected through a household survey, held in 2000, covering a total of 800 households and 240 traders in four selected small towns, namely Guder, Kemise, Seka and Wenago. Guder and Kemise are located in the predominantly grain producing regions of western Oromia and southern Amhara, respectively. Seka and Wenago are located in the major coffee production areas of southwestern Oromia and the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region, respectively. The study shows that the negative consequences of the reforms have outweighed their expected positive outcomes. In general, the findings suggest that the incidence of poverty has increased considerably in the study towns. On the whole, households in the small towns of coffee producing regions fared considerably better than those in the towns of predominantly grain producing regions. It also appears that the economic liberalization has led to a wider gap between the wealthier and the economically less fortunate households in the study towns. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]