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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Carter administration and the institution of the 1977 mandatory arms embargo against South Africa: rhetoric or active action?
Authors:Van Wyk, Anna-Mart
Grobler, JackieISNI
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Geographic terms:South Africa
United States
Subjects:arms embargo
foreign policy
Abstract:When Jimmy Carter took office as President of the United States in 1977, human rights activists worldwide expected him to take action against the South African government because of its apartheid policy as well as the military build-up of the South African government and the question of independence for South West Africa (Namibia), where South Africa's administration and military presence were regarded as illegal. During the 1976 presidential campaign, Carter had declared himself a fierce supporter of human rights and vowed that he would do anything in his power to act against violators of human rights. However, did he seriously mean to take action against the South African government, or was this merely verbal rhetoric? This paper investigates statements and actions by the Carter administration vis--vis South Africa during its first ten months in office, as well as the factors that played a role in determining the decision to impose a mandatory arms embargo against South Africa. The paper concludes that although the Carter administration continuously verbally castigated the South African government, in the end it was merely a case of anti-apartheid rhetoric. Notes, ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans. [Journal abstract]