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Title:Knowledge and Perception of HIV/AIDS among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics in Ogun State, Nigeria
Authors:Adeneye, Adeniyi K.ISNI
Mafe, Margaret A.
Adeneye, Adejuwon A.
Salami, Kabiru K.ISNI
Brieger, William R.
Titiloye, Musbau A.
Agomo, Philip U.
Periodical:African Journal of AIDS Research
Geographic term:Nigeria
maternal and child health care
health education
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2989/16085900609490389
Abstract:Mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) is responsible for more than 90 percent of the cases of HIV infection in infants and children in sub-Saharan Africa. Accurate data on the knowledge and perceptions of HIV/AIDS among women attending antenatal clinics in Nigeria are scarce. A cross-sectional survey of 804 women attending antenatal clinics in Ogun State, South-West Nigeria was done using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Approximately 90 percent of the women respondents had heard of HIV/AIDS, but only about 27 percent knew HIV could be transmitted from mother to child; of those, almost 94 percent believed in the reality of HIV disease; in contrast, the majority (64 percent) believed they were not at risk of HIV infection, and a slightly greater proportion (70 percent) did not understand the benefits of voluntary HIV counselling and testing (VCT). Nonetheless, almost 90 percent of respondents were willing to know their status following health education about VCT. Those that were older, attending public hospitals, and with a higher level of education had more knowledge and better perceptions about HIV. The results suggest an urgent need for public health education on HIV/AIDS and the benefits of VCT to control MTCT, particularly targeting young women and those with little or no education. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]