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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Political' versus 'civic' education in colonial and independent Kenya
Authors:Bellucci, S.ISNI
Katumanga, M.ISNI
Otenyo, E.ISNI
Year:2007
Periodical:Africa: rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione
Volume:62
Issue:1
Pages:1-20
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:citizenship education
political education
political opposition
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/25734424
Abstract:There are deep-seated disagreements on what constitutes 'civic education' in Kenya. Historically both the colonial and postcolonial political elite have viewed with scepticism efforts at enhancing any form of political education that could change the balance of power in the country. Public demands for civic education have come from both progressives and conservatives. The former perceived it to be a sine qua non for the enhancement of civil competence, which they felt was critical to the effective participation of citizens in national politics. The latter were mainly the disgruntled elite who saw civic education as an instrument for detranquillizing a subservient populace. The history of civic education in Kenya is set in the context of a State characterized by authoritarian institutions that have thrived on the free use of violence. Opposition politics in the 1990s well illustrates civic education's potential. A few English-speaking civil society organizations, the Church and a number of progressive civil society organizations all developed civic education programmes. Especially the Citizens Coalitions for Constitutional Change (CCCC) and the National Convention Executive Council (NCEC) opted for direct engagement and confrontation with the State, pressuring the State to increase political participation and democracy and institute constitutional reform. Opposition leaders who had been reluctant to embrace reforms supported the growing antigovernment movement. Increasingly the numerous organizations involved began to collaborate and harmonize civic education materials. The defeat of the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) in Kenya's third multiparty elections in December 2002 can be seen as a victory for civic and political education and its ability to mobilize the masses. The challenge for the emerging political order has been to encourage civil education for purposes of deconstructing the swollen State, without weakening it, and enhancing constitutional competence, without implementing neoliberal good governance reform measures. Notes, ref., sum. in Italian and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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