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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Tracing the 'integration' thread in the South African urban development policy tapestry
Author:Pieterse, EdgarISNI
Periodical:Urban Forum
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:urban planning
urban development
social integration
External link:https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF02681229.pdf
Abstract:This paper glances back over South Africa's national policies with a direct impact on urban development to tease out how urban integration was a consistent theme since 1994. Despite an incredible degree of policy convergence on the meaning and importance of urban integration, the outcomes have been abysmal. The paper is premised on the following working definition of urban integration: a reduction in racial and class segregation; more integrative land use patterns to maximize the opportunities for poor urban residents to access urban services and employment opportunities; and a reduction in the levels of economic and social inequality across the urban region. The paper considers the following legislation and policies: the White Paper on Housing, 1994 (WPH); the Development Facilitation Act, 1995 (DFA); the Urban Development Strategy, 1995 (UDS) and its successor, the Urban Development Framework (UDF); the White Paper on National Transport Policy, 1996; the White Paper on Local Government, 1998; and the White Paper on Spatial Planning and Land-Use Management, 2001. Finally, the paper explores the political vicissitudes of policy implementation and how this created contradictory pressures which took many of the policy interventions away from their founding principles and intentions. The paper is based on secondary literature on these issues, interviews with key informants and grey material from government archives. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]