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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Visibility and Invisibility of Herders' Kraals in Southern Africa, with Reference to a Possible Early Contact Period Khoekhoe Kraal at KFS 5, Western Cape
Authors:Fauvelle-Aymar, François-XavierISNI
Sadr, KarimISNI
Bon, FrançoisISNI
Gronenborn, DetlefISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Archaeology
Geographic terms:Southern Africa
South Africa
Anthropology and Archaeology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43135407
Abstract:The Europeans who landed on the shores of the South African Cape from the late 15th century onwards encountered local herders whom they later referred to as the Hottentots (now known as the Khoekhoe). There are written references to the settlements and livestock of these pastoralists, but archaeologists have not had much success in discovering any such sites. This absence of archaeological evidence for recent Khoekhoe kraals has been interpreted by some scholars as an indication for a general archaeological invisibility of nomadic pastoralist sites. This article reports on the archaeology of an extensive, low density surface spread of artefacts, KFS 5 (Western Cape), which possibly represents a Khoekhoe kraal dating to the time of the first contact with Europeans. Data are compared to other archaeological evidence of cattle pens in southern Africa and the issues of the visibility of prehistoric and historic kraals are re-addressed. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]