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Title:'Oh! for a blessing on Africa and America': the Mount Holyoke system and the Huguenot Seminary, 1874-1885
Author:Duff, S.E.ISNI
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Geographic terms:South Africa
The Cape
Subjects:women's education
Abstract:In November 1873, at the invitation of the Rev. Andrew Murray, moderator of the Dutch Reformed Church, two American teachers arrived in the Cape Colony (South Africa) to establish a school to train middle-class Dutch-Afrikaans girls to be teachers and missionaries. The two women were both alumni of the Mount Holyoke Seminary in South Hadley, Connecticut, and the institution they founded in Wellington, the Huguenot Seminary, was modelled on the so-called 'Mount Holyoke system' of women's education. While during Huguenot's first decade of existence this system was, with very little modification, able to achieve a great deal of success in the Colony, in 1884 and 1885 the values and ideals underpinning the existence of the Seminary came under a sustained attack from the pupils at the school. This article investigates the implementation and reception of the 'Mount Holyoke system' in the Cape during Huguenot's early years, and examines why it was so strongly rejected in the mid-1880s. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]