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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Some thoughts on prospects for achieving food security in Ethiopia: resource and policy aspects
Author:Woldesemait, Bekure
Periodical:Ethiopian Journal of the Social Sciences and Humanities (ISSN 1810-4487)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:food security
food policy
arable farming
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
food supply
Agriculture and state
External link:https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ejossah/article/view/29870
Abstract:This paper examines prospects for attaining food security in Ethiopia in the area of crop production. Possible areas of intervention in food production are physical resources, human resources, policy issues, and the management of the agricultural sector. In each case the merits and demerits involved are identified. Among the merits of physical resources are sufficient land area, a diverse climate, and relatively abundant water resources. The paper examines the possibility of bringing more area of land under rain-fed and irrigated cultivation, benefiting from the climatic variations of the country, exploiting more water resources, and raising productivity. At the same time, the need to overcome certain difficulties that may arise in the process of expanding food production is indicated. As regards human resources, the large population size of the country, and the presence of an unemployed and underemployed population in rural Ethiopia are considered useful pools from which to draw labour for the proposed expansion of agriculture. However, appropriate use of the labour force requires expanding education, training, and health care. The article emphasizes the need to re-examine the country's land tenure policy, the internal mobility of the population, and the diversification of the economy as part of a strategy for achieving food security. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]