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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A Late Stone Age Sequence from West Ethiopia. The Sites of K'aaba and Bel K'urk'uma (Assosa, Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State)
Authors:Fernandez, Victor M.
Torre, Ignacio de la
Luque, Luis
González-Ruibal, AlfredoISNI
Lopez-Saez, José Antonio
Periodical:Journal of African Archaeology
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:archaeological artefacts
Stone Age
Anthropology and Archaeology
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43135422
Abstract:This paper presents the results of the test excavations conducted in Ethiopia in 2001 and 2002 in two rock shelters in the Central Ethiopian escarpment near the Sudanese border. A continuous sequence of quartz lithic industry, from the lowest levels of K'aaba (with an archaic Middle Stone Age-like industry of sidescrapers, Levallois-discoid cores and unifacial points) to the upper levels of Bel K'urk'umu (with a Later Stone Age industry, characterized by elongated flakes and endscrapers, that still displays many archaic features such as centripetal flakes and cores) may be inferred. The escarpment's mountainous and forested areas may have acted as a refuge zone from the end of the Pleistocene, when hyper-arid conditions deterred human occupation of the Sudanese plains nearby, and may also have been a cause for the cultural archaism of the late Middle Stone Age groups, a case similar to others recorded on the African continent (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Nile Valley). The arrival of Sudanese pottery in the mid-Holocene period may be explained by the onset of arid conditions that drove 'aqualithic' groups and early herders towards more humid areas. The conservative character of the late prehistoric cultural sequence derived from both sites is consistent with the resilient traditional nature of the Nilo-Saharan groups that currently settle the Ethio-Sudanese borderlands. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]