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Title:Jambanja: Ideological Ambiguities in the Politics of Land and Resource Ownership in Zimbabwe
Author:Muzondidya, JamesISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:land reform
minority groups
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03057070701292616
Abstract:Zimbabwe's current restructuring of land and resource ownership has not only been violent and coercive, but also disorganized and divisive. In its call for radical land redistribution, the State has increasingly resorted to authoritarian nationalism, invoking identity politics. This has resulted in new conceptions about rights and power - conceptions that basically uphold racial and ethnic politics and the pre-eminence of majority over minority rights. The current processes have also rekindled important questions about citizenship, identity, nationhood, rights and entitlement in postindependence Africa, issues that have been subject of intense debate among various African scholars. Focusing on the experiences of 'invisible minorities', such as Coloureds and descendants of immigrants from Malawi, Zambia and Mozambique, this article discusses both the ambiguities and contradictions in the current exercise, as well as newly emerging notions about race, identity, nation and citizenship neglected by most political and academic commentators. It argues that the resulting policy positions, and particularly the current emphasis on race and nativism, have not only supported contradictory perspectives on justice, rights, citizenship and nationality but have also structured the debate on these issues in very narrow and problematic terms. More important, the historical processes unfolding in Zimbabwe have engendered feelings of exclusion and insecurity, especially among the subject minorities marginalized by the current processes. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]