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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Nigerian political leadership and Yoruba-Hausa/Fulani relations: a historical synthesis
Author:Adesina, Olutayo C.ISNI
Periodical:International Journal of Humanistic Studies
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:ethnic relations
political elite
social history
Abstract:The study of the orientations and predilections of Nigerian political leaders across geographic and ethnic divides may contribute to the understanding of intergroup relations in twentieth-century Nigeria. This study examines the extent to which the complex Yoruba-Hausa/Fulani relations in contemporary Nigeria were conditioned by pressures from major political actors from these ethnic groupings. The essay highlights the processes and mechanisms adopted to subvert social and political cohesion and integration. It concludes that the retention for a long time of a political consciousness that glorified cultural identity and solidarity precluded the growth of a national consciousness. And since the states created by colonialism and inherited by Africans were primarily instruments of coercion, control and dispossession, they could not generate the feelings of support and loyalty which could promote national cohesion. However, if the present generation of Nigerians is to be given a chance to normalize their relationship with their compatriots and compete favourably in a more challenging world, they need to get over the paranoia created and sustained by the political class. And both the Yoruba and the Hausa/Fulani political classes need to reinvent themselves and spend less energy on creating enemies out of their compatriots. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]