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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Political Transition without Transformation: The Dialectic of Liberalization without Democratization in Kenya and Zambia
Author:Nasong'o, Shadrack WanjalaISNI
Periodical:African Studies Review
Geographic terms:Kenya
Subjects:political change
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/african_studies_review/v050/50.1nasongo.pdf
Abstract:The decade from 1990 to 2000 saw a total of seventy-eight top leadership elections involving forty-three of the forty-eight sub-Saharan African countries. Of these, only twenty-one elections led to power transition from an incumbent to an opposition political party in nineteen countries. Paradoxically, even where there was such transition, authoritarian tendencies persisted. This article focuses on the contradictory scenarios in the cases of Kenya and Zambia. The first multiparty elections in Zambia in 1991 saw the defeat of the incumbent regime of President Kaunda by the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) of Frederick Chiluba. In Kenya, the incumbent KANU regime of Daniel arap Moi won the first multiparty elections in 1992 and went on to win again in 1997. Eventually, KANU was defeated in 2002 by a coalition of opposition parties. Zambia's third multiparty elections of 2001 were a replica of the Kenyan ones of 1992 and 1997. The article argues that the limited number of transitions from an incumbent regime to an opposition party and the persistence of authoritarianism are a function of political liberalization without democratization of political institutions and rules of the political game. The cases of Kenya and Zambia illustrate the paradox of transition without transformation. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract, edited]