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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Economic Community of West African States, peacemaking and the second Liberian civil war
Author:Kieh Jr., George KlayISNI
Periodical:Liberian Studies Journal
Geographic term:Liberia
Subjects:peace negotiations
civil wars
Abstract:Liberia's second civil war began in September 1999 when a militia referred to as the Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy (LURD) launched an insurgency from neighbouring Guinea. The Taylor regime responded with military counterforce. About two and a half years later, a second warlordist militia, Movement for Democracy in Liberia (MODEL), emerged, thus making the conflict a three-sided affair. On June 4, 2003, ECOWAS launched the Akosombo-Accra Peace Process, which ended on August 18, 2003, with the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement or the Accra Peace Accord. This paper examines the peacemaking models employed by ECOWAS; the major causes of the civil war; the peacemaking process; successes and shortcomings of the peacemaking efforts; and lessons to be learned from these efforts. Bibliogr. [ASC Leiden abstract]