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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Not a Single White Person Should Be Allowed to Go Under': Swartgevaar and the Origins of South Africa's Welfare State, 1924-1929
Author:Seekings, JeremyISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:social welfare
social policy
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Economics and Trade
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40206586
Abstract:The origins of South Africa's distinctive welfare State lay in the late 1920s, not in the 1930s as has generally been suggested, and long predated the quite different turn to social welfare in late colonial Africa. For the National Party and Labour Party partners in the coalition Pact Government of 1924-1929 non-contributory old-age pensions were a crucial pillar in the 'civilized labour' policies designed to lift 'poor whites' out of poverty and re-establish a clear racial hierarchy. Welfare reform was thus, in significant part, a response to the swartgevaar or menace of black physical, occupational and social mobility. African political elites, although distracted by other reforms at the time, were quick thereafter to protest at their exclusion from the nascent welfare system. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]