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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Outsourcing the making of militaries: DynCorp International as sovereign agent
Author:MacFate, SeanISNI
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic terms:Liberia
United States
foreign forces
private enterprises
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03056240802574037
Abstract:Security sector reform (SSR) is a crucial element of peacebuilding, especially in post-conflict settings. The central question in a country like Liberia is how to transform the military from a symbol of terror into an instrument of democracy. The objective of the joint US-Liberia SSR programme was to demobilize Liberia's armed forces and reconstitute the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL) and the Liberian Ministry of Defence (MOD). Perhaps the most controversial aspect of this innovative programme was the United States' decision to completely outsource this critical task to private military companies (PMCs), DynCorp International and Pacific Architects and Engineers (PA&E). This briefing outlines some of the key elements and outcomes of this prototypical programme, which may augur future US engagement in Africa. This is especially relevant given the new US military's Africa Command (AFRICOM), which will likely outsource similar missions to private companies in the future. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]