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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Urban development and displacement in Addis Ababa: the impact of resettlement projects on low-income households
Author:Gebre, YntisoISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:displaced persons
urban poverty
urban development
City planning
Cities and towns--Growth
Land settlement
Urban poor
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/eastern_africa_social_science_research_review/v024/24.2.yntiso.pdf
Abstract:Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, is undergoing a major transformation as evidenced by the development of road networks, schools, health care institutions, hotels, condominiums, real estates, banks, shopping centres, etc. There is a sense of jubilation on the part of the authorities and the general public with the direction of urban development policy and the remarkable gains scored thus far. What remains unnoticed, however, is that thousands of low-income households have been displaced and adversely affected by the process of urban development. The process of relocating people from the inner city to new resettlement sites on the outskirts have disrupted the relocatees' business ties with customers, broken their informal networks of survival, caused loss of locational advantage and jobs and incurred high transport costs. The overwhelming majority of relocatees reported significant income decline. Many displaced households have encountered problems related to water, sanitation, education, and health care. Farmers, who lost their land to investors and new resettlers complained about low compensation and lack of other economic options to make a living. In short, progress in Addis Ababa has been exacerbating poverty among a section of the population. This paper, based on fieldwork conducted in 2006-2007, describes the socioeconomic and infrastructural changes the city has been experiencing since recent years, examines the impact of urban development policy and practice on displaced low-income households, and provides recommendations that the authorities should consider to minimize development-induced livelihood disruptions. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]