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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:A matter of identity: Africa and its diaspora in America since 1900, continuity and change
Author:Uzoigwe, Godfrey N.ISNI
Periodical:African and Asian Studies
Geographic terms:Africa
External link:https://doi.org/10.1163/156921008X318718
Abstract:Using Africa and its diaspora in America as a paradigm, this article looks at the triple manifestations of consciousness in the dialectic of relationships between the two groups since 1900, and notices both continuity and change that can be traced back to the 1700s. In Africa, this consciousness is reflected in the conflicting demands of continental Pan-Africanism or mega-nationalism, racial or black Pan-Africanism (in a multiracial continent), and mezzo-nationalism of the continent's present multi-nation States. In America it also has always had three faces (and not two as DuBois said) - American, Black-American and African. Studying these complex relationships that often contradicted one another and cut across class and ideological lines is a difficult and frustrating task. The article therefore suggests that a more rewarding effort is to focus attention on such issues as cultivating mutual respect, stressing common historico-cultural heritage, emphasizing economic cooperation, and putting in place coordinated, effective political action between the groups that hopefully will lead to their solidarity and empowerment in the 21st century. The African Union should assume the initiative of constructing a more relevant and realistic Pan-African ideology based on the lines sketched above to achieve this goal. To start with, however, it must first publicly express, on behalf of Africa, remorse and apologize to the descendants of enslaved Africans wherever they may be for African participation, to whatever degree, in the Saharan, East African, and trans-Atlantic slave trade. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]