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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Political transition in DRC: how did Kinshasa households fare?
Authors:De Herdt, TomISNI
Marivoet, WimISNI
Marysse, StefaanISNI
Year:2008
Periodical:African Development Review
Volume:20
Issue:3
Pages:400-425
Language:English
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:household expenditure
standard of living
economic inequality
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8268.2008.00191.x/pdf
Abstract:Officially announced on 24 April 1990, the political transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) would eventually culminate in presidential elections. By comparing the results of two household surveys, conducted in 1986 and 2004 respectively, this paper traces the economic reflection of this process in the standard of living of the Kinois (the inhabitants of Congo's capital, Kinshasa). Although the exercise is fraught with methodological problems, it nevertheless generates some salient outcomes. First and foremost, the available evidence unanimously points to a slight increase in the general standard of living, thereby contradicting the official macro data. Further, given an increase in inequality, it is well possible that the period of transition was experienced increasingly unequally by different population groups. Third, one of the most significant changes observed is that Kinshasa has become more closely connected with world (food) markets. Meanwhile, the level of education of the principal income earner remains one of the main predictors of the level of household consumption, even in a thoroughly informalized economy. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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