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Title:The nexus between social capital and reintegration of ex-combatants: a case for Sierra Leone
Author:Leff, Jonah
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution
Geographic term:Sierra Leone
External link:https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/%ef%bf%bcthe-nexus-between-social-capital-and-reintegration-of-ex-combatants/
Abstract:When peace is reached after conflict, economic and social conditions are not conducive for ex-combatants to reintegrate on their own. Programmes that address ex-combatants as well as broader post-conflict recovery are essential. Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) is one such programme that has received widespread attention. Policy analysts have debated the factors that contribute to a successful DDR programme. This study examines reintegration, the final phase of DDR, arguing that in order to achieve successful reintegration of ex-combatants, a community-focused approach that generates social capital, and views the reintegration process as a means of equally benefiting ex-combatants and community members, must be implemented. Amongst the reintegration methods that can be employed to nurture social capital are stopgap programmes, media and public awareness campaigns, community development projects, programmes for special target groups and reconciliation programmes. Using a comprehensive literature review of social capital and community-based reintegration and a case study from Sierra Leone, the paper demonstrates the relationship between social capital and reintegration. Bibliogr., ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]