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Title:From complementarity to conflict: a historical analysis of farmer-Fulbe relations in West Africa
Authors:Davidheiser, MarkISNI
Luna, Aniuska M.
Periodical:African Journal on Conflict Resolution
Geographic term:West Africa
social conflicts
External link:https://www.accord.org.za/ajcr-issues/%ef%bf%bcfrom-complementarity-to-conflict/
Abstract:This paper provides a sociohistorical analysis of conflict between Fulbe pastoralists and farmers in West Africa, using case studies from Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria and Cameroon. In the remote past these two groups apparently managed, generally speaking, to coexist in a complementary and cooperative relationship. In the more recent past, however, various structural factors have fostered conditions conducive to conflict generation and intensification. These include international development projects, demographic changes, and environmental degradation. The analysis highlights changes in production systems and land tenure regimes as central to the aggravation of farmer-herder goal incompatibility and intercommunal strife. Many of these changes are the deliberate results of interventions and legislation that were based on Western models and intended to increase production outputs and market integration. Effective conflict mitigation will require the abandonment of top-down, directive policymaking in favour of a more supportive engagement that strives to draw on and build up local resources and capacities. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]