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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Qat expenditures in Yemen and Djibouti: an empirical analysis
Author:Milanovic, Branko
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic terms:Djibouti
Subjects:drug use
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/5/661.full.pdf
Abstract:Using household surveys from Yemen and Djibouti, carried out in 1998 and 1997, respectively, this paper analyses determinants of qat consumption in these two countries. The results confirm the huge importance of qat in daily life: with between one-half (in Djibouti) and 70 percent (in Yemen) of all households reporting at least one user. But in Yemen, qat consumption is remarkably flat across income groups, age, and between rural and urban areas. Qat is a normal good and there is no indication that its use substitutes for food. In Djibouti, however, qat consumption increases with income, and appears to act as a substitute for food consumption. In both countries, however, there is a strong gender bias in the use: men are much more likely to use qat than women. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]