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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Pastoral conflicts and State-building in the Ethiopian lowlands
Authors:Hagmann, TobiasISNI
Mulugeta, Alemmaya
Periodical:Afrika Spectrum
Geographic term:Ethiopia
social conflicts
State formation
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40175220
Abstract:This paper draws attention to the central role played by the Ethiopian State in reconfiguring contemporary (agro)pastoral conflicts in its semi-arid lowlands. Contrary to primordialist and environmental conflict theories of pastoralist violence, the authors shed light on the changing political rationality of intergroup conflicts by retracing the multiple impacts of State-building on pastoral land tenure and resource governance, peacemaking and customary authorities, and competition over State resources. Based on an extensive comparative review of recent case studies, post-1991 administrative decentralization is identified as a major driving force in struggles for resources between transhumant herders in Ethiopia's peripheral regions. The analysis emphasizes the politicization of kinship relations and group identities and the transformation of conflict motives under the influence of the gradual incorporation of (agro)pastoral groups into the Ethiopian nation-State. Ethnic federalism incites pastoralists to engage in parochial types of claim-making, to occupy territory on a more permanent basis and to become involved in 'politics of difference' with neighbouring groups. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in English, French and German. [Journal abstract]