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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Scholars of the circles: training of q_ad_is and transmission of Islamic scholarship along the East African coast from the mid-19th century to the 21st century
Author:Hashim, AbdulkadirISNI
Periodical:Journal for Islamic studies
Geographic term:East Africa
Subjects:Islamic education
Abstract:Q_ad_is can be regarded as the main actors in disseminating Islamic knowledge along the East African coast. In the course of their training, q_ad_is (including other ulema) were educated in 'halaqa' (learning circles) in mosques, which was preceded by early childhood learning in 'chuo' (Koran school). This article discusses the influence of early education in the training of q_ad_is and the role played by them in advancing Islamic knowledge. It focuses on the comprehensive syllabus ('manhaj') used in the education of q_ad_is and its development in the course of the 20th century. Attention is paid to changes in the many disciplines included in the 'manhaj': Koran recitation, commentary of the Koran, sayings of the prophet Muhammed, jurisprudence, Arabic language, mysticism, and theology. Upon completion of the 'manhaj' a q_ad_i was awarded a certificate ('ij_aza'). The article shows that both the form and content of Islamic education changed during the 20th century. Finally it illustrates the role of generations of q_ad_is in the transmission of Islamic knowledge. App. (list of generations of q_ad_is and their students), notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]