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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Imperialism, settler identities and colonial capitalism: the hundred year origins of the 1899 South African War
Author:Trapido, StanleyISNI
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Geographic terms:South Africa
Great Britain
Subjects:colonial policy
international politics
political economy
political history
Anglo-Boer wars
mineral resources
Abstract:The South African (or Boer) War of 1899-1902 was the culmination of a hundred years of British domination of the region. That domination began with the seizure of the Cape of Good Hope from the Dutch in 1795, beginning an economic, ideological as well as political hegemony. The British expansion required conquering African territories and, thereafter, the distribution of African land and labour. This was a process which mostly favoured British merchants and traders at the expense of Dutch-Afrikaner settlers in the interior. Eventually, local ethnic and regional groupings were provoked into a new assertiveness and began to acquire objectives of their own. In this way, subimperialism emerged. Then, in the last quarter of the century, the region was further transformed by the discovery of diamonds and gold. Out of these latter discoveries came a powerful and confident mining capitalism embedded in South Africa, but linked to the world's major financial centre: the City of London. Determining how these transformations took place and how interactions between the Imperial State, settler ambitions and capitalist enclaves eventually erupted into war is the major purpose of this paper. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]