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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Post-election Kenya: land, displacement and the search for 'durable solutions'
Author:Elhawary, SamitISNI
Year:2009
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Volume:36
Issue:119
Pages:130-136
Language:English
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:land conflicts
displaced persons
government policy
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03056240902904233
Abstract:Violence and displacement accompanied elections in Kenya throughout the 1990s, and accusations of irregularities during the December 2007 elections also sparked widespread violence. Central to both past and current upheavals have been long-standing disputes over landownership, and forcible land appropriation has led to large-scale displacement. The land grievances that colonial dispossession gave rise to were aggravated by Jomo Kenyatta's independent government, and further exacerbated by Daniel arap Moi. Humanitarians understand these land issues as a temporary aberration and provide palliative relief until there is a perceived return to normality. However, there is a need for durable solutions. The Kenyan government opts for a quick return of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their areas of former residence, but the main obstacles to return are continuing insecurity and uncertainty around the resolution of key land grievances. Alternatives to return, including relocation and local integration, are not feasible either. If a durable solution is to be achieved, historical grievances must be acknowledged and addressed, accompanied by reconciliation processes. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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