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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Kivu's intractable security conundrum
Authors:Vlassenroot, KoenISNI
Raeymaekers, TimothyISNI
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Subjects:conflict resolution
national security
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40388401
Abstract:Despite President Joseph Kabila successfully winning the national elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in 2006, the country has not emerged from its security deadlock. This briefing argues that the current strategy of peacebuilding in the DRC leads to the amplification rather than the containment of armed violence. Democratization has not led to accountable government, but rather reconfirmed wartime power dynamics. Both State and non-State parties have systematically manipulated the spoils of the national peace process to attain other, privately established goals. On the one hand, the premise of demobilization and integration outlined in the Amani peace negotiations (2008) was used by armed groups to pump up military ranks and reignite dormant armed factions. On the other hand, the constant clashes between the Kabila government and the CNDP (Congrès National pour la Défense du Peuple) in North Kivu further delayed a much-needed national security sector reform in favour of a manipulated emergency that could be politically exploited by both parties. Instead of bringing peace, the current policy of conflict resolution in eastern DRC seems to have contributed to new strategies of extraversion. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]