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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Levels of ability and functioning of persons living with HIV and AIDS using the WHO DAS II in a South African context
Authors:Peltzer, KarlISNI
Phaswana-Mafuya, Nancy
Periodical:Journal of Social Development in Africa (ISSN 1012-1080)
Geographic term:South Africa
physically disabled
Abstract:People living with HIV and AIDS are increasingly being recognized as constituents of the disabled community as their physical functioning is adversely affected by opportunistic infections, which ultimately result in disability. Using a sample of 607 persons living with HIV in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, the present study explores the relationships between sociodemographic variables and the domains of ability and functioning of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHODAS-II). Convenience sampling was used to identify participants. The results indicate that 66 percent classified themselves as having AIDS, 48 percent indicated that they were on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 35 percent reported that they were currently on a disability grant. Specific domains which most affected persons living with HIV included household activities, participation in society and mobility. The disease variables of lower CD4 counts and higher frequency of HIV symptoms were associated with overall disability, while AIDS diagnosis and being on ART were principally not associated with disability. Most sociodemographic variables, including disability grant status, age and marital status, were not associated with overall disability, while lower educational level and not having a flush toilet were associated with higher overall disability. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]