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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Monty meets Gandhi meets Mandela: the dilemma of non-violent resisters in South Africa, 1940-1960
Author:Vahed, GoolamISNI
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:passive resistance
political action
biographies (form)
About person:Gagathura Mohambry Naicker (1910-1978)ISNI
Abstract:This paper focuses on key moments in the life of G.M. 'Monty' Naicker (1911-1978), an Edinburgh-educated medical doctor and contemporary of Yusuf Dadoo, who displaced moderate elements in Indian politics in South Africa when he became president of the Natal Indian Congress in 1946. Having taken control of Indian politics, Monty adopted Mohandas K. Gandhi's principles of passive resistance in protesting the segregationist land legislation from 1946-1948. Through the 1950s, he remained committed to nonviolent resistance as he worked with the African National Congress (ANC) to forge nonracial resistance against segregation and apartheid, which was predicated on and backed up by the use of State-sponsored violence. His ideas were relevant in the early joint campaigns of the Congress Alliance, but by 1960, he had to face the fact that the Alliance was contemplating a turn to violence in the face of State intransigence and increasing brutality. While many of his comrades chose to go the way of armed struggle, Monty remained committed to nonviolent resistance. The paper looks at the dilemma facing activists such as Monty Naicker by examining two key moments in his political life: the Passive Resistance Campaign of 1946-1948, and debates around the ANC's turn to armed struggle in 1960. Ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans. [Journal abstract, edited]