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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State reconstruction, leadership legitimacy and democratic governance in Africa
Author:Mangu, André Mbata B.ISNI
Periodical:Politeia: Journal for Political Science and Public Administration
Geographic term:Africa
Abstract:Africa's development crisis is primarily one of State capacity and leadership legitimacy. Building or reinforcing State capacity for effective delivery is one of the major challenges confronting African people and leaders. This article reflects on the State, leadership legitimacy and development in Africa. It argues that the low levels of State capacity and leadership legitimacy have contributed to weak performance in terms of development in Africa. The African experience of the past fifty years of independence has demonstrated that State capacity could not be reinforced through a benevolent dictator or under authoritarian leadership. Accordingly, the State should be reconstructed and leadership legitimized to increase their developmental capacity. State capacity and leadership legitimacy are promoted by constitutionalism and democracy which require the organization of open, free and fair elections, and respect for the rule of law. A truly developmental State in Africa has to be a constitutional and democratic State under a legitimate leadership. The article concludes that the prospects for building capable States and reinforcing leadership legitimacy to achieve development are good under the AU, NEPAD and the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), but there are many challenges, both internal and external, that need to be overcome on the road to an African Renaissance. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]