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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Dangers of Ethnic Groups Relocation: The Case of the CKGR Khoe and San Communities
Author:Chebanne, A.M.ISNI
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Botswana
Kalahari Desert
Southern Africa
indigenous peoples
ethnic identity
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Land settlement
San (African people)
Social implications
social history
Central Kalahari Game Reserve (Botswana)
Abbreviation:CKGR=Central Kalahari Game Reserve
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40980342
Abstract:The inhabitants of the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR) are autochthonous people from different ethno-linguistic groups, mainly Khoe and San. These Khoe and San communities have undergone forced relocation since the establishment of freehold farms in the Ghanzi District. They were settled in what later became the CKGR. The relocation policy and subsequent measures were implemented by the colonial administration. The Botswana government has imposed relocation from above, in the name of 'modernization' or 'development', and in its recent actions has even abolished the guarantees of the 1961 colonial recommendation to have the CKGR act as a Khoe and San Reserve. Relocation changes not just environmental symbiosis, but also the intrinsic social and philosophical existence of people. Its consequences are cultural and linguistic deprivation, de-ethnicization, deculturalization, marginalization and disempowerment. A solution for Khoe and San development can be found only by addressing their rights as indigenous peoples to self-determination in matters of cultural and linguistic identity. The article is followed by notes on various elements of Khoe and San culture, including the naming system, songs and dances, the concept of God and their philosophy on the land. Bibliogr. [ASC Leiden abstract]