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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Crossing the line: 100 years of the north-west Uganda/south Sudan border
Author:Leopold, MarkISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Studies
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
boundary conflicts
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17531050903273743
Abstract:This article looks at the complex history of the border area between what is now north-west Uganda, the Equatoria region of South Sudan, and the north-east Democratic Republic of Congo, over precolonial, colonial and postcolonial periods. In the early colonial period, international borders changed several times, and local people found themselves successively part of King Leopold's Belgian Congo, Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Sudan, and the Uganda Protectorate. Cross-border movements included European adventurers, slave armies and ivory poachers, who periodically terrorized local populations. As 'West Nile' district, colonial north-west Uganda was systematically underdeveloped, and became a labour reserve and a major source of army recruitment (epitomized by the characteristic local figure of Idi Amin). In the postcolonial era, movement over the borders has been characterized by large-scale cross-border informal trade, refugee movements, armed rebel groups, and the region's continued marginalization from more economically developed and politically powerful parts of the three countries. The article explores changes and continuities in the salience of these borders over the past century and a half. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]