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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Hegemonic and subordinated masculinities: class, violence and sexual performance among young Mozambican men
Author:Groes-Green, Christian
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies (ISSN 1459-9465)
Geographic term:Mozambique
gender relations
class relations
External link:https://njas.fi/njas/article/view/216/204
Abstract:The article explores theoretical implications of sexual and violent practices among disenfranchised young men in Mozambique. Findings from research carried out in Maputo in 2007, 2008 and 2010 indicate that massive unemployment caused by neoliberal reforms has led to a growing number of young men basing their authority vis--vis women on bodily power, understood as the abilities and physique of the male body, rather than on economic power and social status. While young men from the city's growing middle class enact hegemonic masculinities in relationships with female partners by means of financial power and adherence to a 'breadwinner's' ideology, young men who are poor react to a situation of unemployment and poverty by enacting masculinities that are subordinate vis--vis middle-class peers, but which find expression through violence or sexual performance vis--vis female partners. The article is based on fieldwork consisting of a survey involving 500 young men and women, 8 focus group discussions with 90 informants between 16 and 23 years of age and in-depth interviews. Of the 90 informants, 21 were middle-class youth from the urban city centre and 69 were youth from working class backgrounds in impoverished suburban areas. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]