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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Mind the gap!: seeking stability beyond the 'tribal' threshold in late-colonial Uganda: the role of urban housing policy, 1945-1960
Author:Byerley, AndrewISNI
Periodical:African Studies
Geographic term:Uganda
Subjects:colonial policy
urban housing
housing policy
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00020180903381214
Abstract:The momentum towards a 'developmentalist' paradigm of colonial rule in the post-Second World War Uganda Protectorate elevated the 'Native Question' to a new critical level. The twin imperatives of welfare and industrialization threatened to make the 'tribal' categories that had erstwhile been used to 'locate' colonial subjects untenable and to force a crossing of the detribalization threshold. In the context of African urban housing policy and housing provision during the period 1945-1960, the author employs Foucault's notions of sovereign, anatomo- and bio-power to examine the changing modalities of power deployed by the colonial State in managing a controlled transition across the tribal threshold. From sovereign technologies of power in the pre-Second World War era designed to extract labour power from Africans while conserving their tribal loyalty; to the introduction of technologies to regenerate the still tribal African body (1945-1953); then to technologies designed to cross the tribal threshold and norm and form 'loyal' modern subjects (1954-1960). The article investigates and argues for the vital but evolving role of public African urban housing both as instructional spaces for these power investments and also as spatial 'sorting devices' or relay points in a wider architecture for canalizing movement, separating populations, and guiding loyalties. A detailed case study of Walukuba African Housing Estate in Jinja town is used to ground the analysis as well as to examine the 'limits' to colonial technologies of power. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]