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Title:Religious cults in conflict with colonial forces, 1916-1961: its impact on the social life of Mamfe Division in British Southern Cameroons
Author:Kah, Henry KamISNI
Periodical:Orita: Ibadan Journal of Religious Studies (ISSN 0030-5596)
Geographic term:Cameroon
Subjects:African religions
religious rituals
religious policy
colonial period
Abstract:This paper examines the efforts of the British colonial authorities to denigrate religious cults in Mamfe Division, British Southern Cameroons. It first describes a number of cults or social clubs such as Nyankpe, Nfam, Obasinjom, Esabi, Olum, Ejaw, and Ebanwen. Then it outlines missionary activities in the area and discusses the emergence of conflict between the religious cults, the Christian community and the colonial authorities, leading to the socioeconomic and political (in)stability of Mamfe Division. After a review of archival documentation, the paper concludes that, in spite of the conflict between religious cults, missionary societies, the British colonial officials and attendant problems, these cults remained useful in the maintenance of justice and peace among the different ethnic groups of Mamfe Division and ought to be allowed to work hand in hand with the Christian forces to realize their differernt goals. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]