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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Higher education, the State and the marketplace
Author:Mamdani, MahmoodISNI
Periodical:Journal of Higher Education in Africa (ISSN 0851-7762)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic term:Africa
Subjects:higher education
educational history
Higher education and state
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/jhigheducafri.6.1.1
Abstract:This essay, the text of a talk to the 16th Conference of Commonwealth Education Ministers (Cape Town, South Africa, 12 December 2006), is an overview of the historical development of higher education through three different periods - colonial, nationalist and neoliberal - as well as an argument for the strategic importance of higher education. In contrast to the World Bank's attempt to marginalize higher education as an elitist preoccupation, the author argues that higher education is where teachers are trained, where curricula are developed, where the range of leadership of an independent country is cultivated, and where research is located. In sum, higher education is where the range of choices which make democracy meaningful in different spheres of life are developed. Higher education is the strategic heart of education; those who wish to transform general education must begin with higher education. The essay closes with a critical discussion of two paradigmatic reform experiences in higher education in tropical Africa - developmentalist reform at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in the 1970s and market-based reform at Makerere University, Uganda, in the 1990s - so as to draw lessons from a half century of experience. Sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]