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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Why not all go up higher?': the Transvaal Native Mine Clerks' Association, 1920-1925
Author:Cobley, AlanISNI
Year:2010
Periodical:South African Historical Journal (ISSN 0258-2473)
Volume:62
Issue:1
Pages:143-161
Language:English
Geographic terms:South Africa
Transvaal
Subjects:black trade unions
office workers
mining
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/02582471003778409
Abstract:The Transvaal Native Mine Clerks' Association (TNMCA) was a seminal organization in the early history of black struggle in South Africa. Formed in the midst of the social, economic and political crisis on the Rand following the First World War, its early membership included many who would go on to become key figures in black politics and society in the inter-war years. Yet, the history of the Association is little known. This article discusses the circumstances of its formation, and its early struggles, when - for a brief moment - the perceived threat of a cross-class alliance between the emerging black petty bourgeoisie and the radicalized black working class gave it an unprecedented opportunity to influence the policy of the Chamber of Mines and to address the wider white community. After the tumultuous years of the early 1920s, the TNMCA settled back into obscurity as a quasi-legal staff association that was tolerated or largely ignored by the mine companies. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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